PMS Symptom Tracker

Female reproductive life is quite complicated. She has to undergo a lot of hormonal changes throughout the month which affects her body, mind, and mood. Her ovulatory and luteal period makes her experience different emotions and her menstrual period pulls her to another period of an emotional roller coaster. And then there is PMS, which makes a woman so vulnerable and easy to get emotional.

What is PMS?

PMS is an abbreviation used for Pre-Menstrual syndrome and as the name indicates is a series of emotional and physical changes resulting from the hormonal changes in the body. Premenstrual syndrome comes usually a week or two before actual menstruation and makes a woman go through mood changes and physical modifications. Most of the women suffer PMS one way or the other in their reproductive life.

What are signs and symptoms of PMS?

Signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are quite general sometimes very difficult for doctor to diagnose. However, some common signs and symptoms of the condition can be listed below.

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  • Breast tenderness
  • Bloating and weight gain
  • Thirst changes
  • Food cravings
  • Swelling of hands and face
  • Fatigue and lethargy
  • Acne
  • Gastro-Intestinal problems
  • Abdominal pain
  • Generalized body weakness
  • Angry outbursts
  • Depression or sad mood
  • Irritability
  • Excessive crying tendency
  • Lack of sleep
  • Poor concentration
  • Anxiety and confusion
  • Social withdrawal
  • Changes in sexual desire
  • Changes sleep pattern

What is the mechanism of PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome is mostly associated with the luteal phase of menstrual cycle of a female. When the exact cause of the condition has not yet been identified, it is attributed with the hormonal changes during the luteal phase. Some studies suggest that it is also due to changed serotonin pattern in brain just before menstruation phase. This results in an increased sensitivity towards progesterone. In spite of being a very common condition of the syndrome, exact mechanism has not been identified yet.

How PMS is managed?

Premenstrual syndrome is managed symptomatically most of the times. But, treatment also depends upon the severity of symptoms. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, relaxation therapy is effective in most normal cases. Yoga, meditation and some breathing exercises relax a woman during the PMS and are mostly advised by the doctor. Some mild painkillers can also be used for treatment of abdominal pain. Proper sleep and daily routine also helps a lot. Dietary changes have also proved to be affecting the symptoms positively. In severe mood changes, anti-depressants can also be used for short term.

PMS symptom tracker

PMS symptom tracker is used for diagnosis and deciding the management plan of the condition. The common signs and symptoms are tracked throughout the month and when these symptoms coexist at specific period, especially just before menstruation. This gives a clue that the woman is suffering from the Premenstrual syndrome.

Once the diagnosis is established, management plan can be devised and aggravating factors can be removed from life if possible. If the symptoms are severe, strong pain killers and anti-depressants can be prescribed with the body-mind exercises.

PMS Symptom Tracker

Simi Karton

Dr. Simi Karton is a regular contributor to National Science Quarterly and an enthusiastic Lakers fan. She recently collaborated on a manuscript with friends and colleagues. Dr. Simi Karton, entitled Parkinsons and the Genetic Response to Eastern Medicine, in which she and Dr. Inshal presented research compiled during a summer spent in United States. She currently resides in Los Angeles with her husband. This website is a voluntary work of Dr. Karton to provide people with useful health related information stuff at an easy approach. The information has been collected from different sources at one place.

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