Mood disorder is the altered and disturbed mood of a person over a longer period of time. There are quite a number of mood disorders and each has different characteristics from the other. Mood disorders are a problem that is constantly increasing in today’s world with increasing time.
Scientists and psychologists have been working really hard to know and eradicate the causes of these mood disorders to ensure better mental health and quality of life.
Some of the mood disorders identified so far are;
Depressive mood disorders
There are some depressive mood disorders for example, major mood disorder or unipolar mood disorder, atypical mood disorder, psychotic major depression, catatonic depression, post-partum depression, premenstrual syndrome, depressive personality disorder, and many others. Depressive mood disorders cause a feeling of self-hate, worthlessness, and loneliness. They affect the brain pathologically in case of severe depression disorders and sometimes require combination therapy for treatment and future prevention.
Bipolar disorders are mood disorders in which an affected person suffers from two extremes of moods. That is why they are also called manic depressive disorder. The emotions of the affected person are very unstable, and he switches from a feeling of mania and euphoria to a feeling of extreme depression.
Some types of bipolar disorders are bipolar one and two disorders. Cyclothymic is a form of bipolar disorder in which the patient suffers from an extreme maniac feeling to an extreme depressive mood. Sub-threshold bipolar disorder is also one of the types of bipolar mood disorder.
Substance-Induced mood disorders
There are obviously some mood disorders induced by substance abuse like alcoholism, benzodiazepines, and other drugs. They provide a feeling of euphoria followed by depressive moods and are temporary and reversible but of course not in extreme cases.
Other forms of mood disorders
Some neurological and metabolic diseases are also causes of depressive disorders and are highly dependent upon the form of metabolic disease. But most of the time, these diseases affect the altered consciousness of the patient more than their moods.
Mood Disorder Questionnaire
The questionnaire is used to assess and diagnose if the patient is undergoing any mood disorder and what kind of mood disorder is affecting him right now.
- After the establishment of the identity of the patient, main questions are asked and initially, it is very important to maintain the trust and patient-doctor relationship so that the patient answers all the questions honestly and clearly without trying to hide any information.
- Some of the questions in the questionnaire asked are;
- He is asked about his feeling when he hears comments made about his mental state. He is also asked if he gets irritated or annoyed and gets indulged in unnecessary arguments with people. The patient is inquired about his self-image, his eating sleeping, and speaking habits, and any change in them.
- He is also given a space to write about his elaborated feelings about certain situations.
- The doctor’s remarks are sometimes needed at the end of the questionnaire, but it is his choice to keep them to himself.
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