Mood disorder is the altered and disturbed mood of a person over a longer period of time. There are quite a number of mood disorders and each has different characteristic from the other. Mood disorders is a problem that is constantly increasing in today’s world with increasing time.
Scientists and psychologists have been working really hard to know and eradicate the causes of these mood disorders to ensure a better mental health and quality of life.
Some of the mood disorders identified so far are;
Depressive mood disorders
There are some depressive mood disorders for example, major mood disorder or unipolar mood disorder, atypical mood disorder, psychotic major depression, catatonic depression, post-partum depression, premenstrual syndrome, depressive personality disorder and many others. Depressive mood disorders cause a feeling of self-hate, worthlessness, and loneliness. They affect the brain pathologically in case of severe depression disorders and sometimes require combination therapy for treatment and future prevention.
Bipolar disorders are the mood disorders in which an affected person suffers from two extremes of moods. That is why they are also called as maniac depressive disorder. Emotions of the affected person are very unstable, and he switches from a feeling of mania and euphoria to the feeling of extreme depression. Some types of bipolar disorders are bipolar one and two disorders. Cyclothymic is a form of bipolar disorder in which patient suffers from an extreme maniac feeling to an extreme depressive mood. Sub-threshold bipolar disorder is also one of the types of bipolar mood disorders.
Substance Induced mood disorders
There are obviously some mood disorders induced by the substance abuse like alcoholism, benzodiazepines and other drugs. They provide a feeling of euphoria followed by depressive moods and are temporary and reversible but of course not in extreme cases.
Other forms of mood disorders
Some neurological and metabolic diseases are also cause of depressive disorders and highly dependent upon the form of metabolic disease. But most of the times, these diseases affect the altered consciousness of the patient more than their moods.
Mood Disorder Questionnaire
The questionnaire is used to assess and diagnose if the patient is undergoing any mood disorder and what kind of mood disorder is affecting him right now.
- After the establishment of identity of the patient, main questions are asked and initially it is very important to maintain the trust and patient doctor relationship so that the patient answers all the questions honestly and clearly without trying to hide any information.
- Some of the questions in the questionnaire asked are;
- He is asked about his feeling when he hears about comments made on his mental state. He is also asked if he gets irritated or annoyed and gets indulged in unnecessary arguments with people. Patient is inquired about his self-image, his eating sleeping and speaking habits and any change in them.
- He is also given a space to write about his elaborated feelings about certain situation.
- Doctor’s remarks are sometimes needed at the end of the questionnaire, but it is his choice to keep them to himself.