The hip region or pelvic girdle is an important structure of the human anatomy. It lies anterior and lateral to the gluteal region and is formed by the participation of certain muscles and bones together. The hip bone is formed by the fusion of three bones that meet at the acetabulum where the articulation of the head of the femur occurs to make the hip joint. The hip joint is considered the strong joint of the body and is made to bear the weight of the body.
An interesting thing to know about the hip joint is that it is capable of bearing weight while being static and also in a dynamic position. It also helps in the maintenance of balance, movements, and displacement from one place to another.
Structure of a hip joint
The hip joint is a synovial joint of ball and socket variety. But we would definitely want to mention here that, its mobility is still less than the shoulder joint which is a true and classic example of a ball and socket joint. The hip joint is formed by the articulation of the round head of the femur with the cup-shaped acetabulum. The articular surfaces are covered by the synovial membranes and supported by the ligaments to give them more strength.
The hip joint is supplied by the branches from the femoral arteries and is nerves from the lumbar plexus. It has provided attachment to a number of muscles that perform their respective functions in groups.
Pain in the hip region
Pain in the hip region can be the result of many causes. From the fracture and dislocations of the hip joint to the muscular and nerve pain, the hip region can cause us great pain and sometimes disability or can result in a marked decrease in the quality of life.
Arthritis is one of the most common causes of hip pain and can result in potential damage to the bones. Conditions like osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and septic arthritis potentially cause extreme pain to the patient and result in restricted mobility.
Injuries to the hip joint are also important causes of pain in the hip region. Inflammation of the bursa and synovial membrane can cause local pain and immobility. Dislocation and injuries cause damage to the nerve supply and can result in pain and disability for the affected person.
Similarly, certain cancers and conditions of the spinal cord cause compression can result in pain and loss of function.
Hip pain chart
A hip pain chart is used for categorizing the type of pain at the hip associated with the level of mobility. This chart helps in the diagnosis of the patient and the kind of pain that he is suffering from. The name of the patient is entered into the chart as the first priority. We mention all other personal details of the patient.
Past medical and surgical history especially related to the bones and joints is important to ask for and mention the positive findings.
Chief complaints of the patient regarding hip pain and relevant examination are done to complete the chart.