The kidney is one of the most important organs of the body. It takes part in a number of important functions, for example, detoxification, erythropoiesis, and many others. Production of urine and reabsorption of important minerals is the most important function of the kidney along with other urinary tracts.
The urinary tract starts with the kidney, from where the pelvis takes the urine and transports it to the urinary bladder through a pair of ureters connected with each renal pelvis on either side. The urinary bladder once filled at a certain level empties through the urethra which is a voluntary function in human adults supported by sphincters.
Causes of urinary symptoms
- Any infection, injury, tumor, or blockage of the urinary tract results in an inefficient performance of their normal function causing clinical signs and symptoms.
- The most common cause of the urinary symptoms is the urinary tract infection. The urethra especially the female urethra is more prone to infections due to its shorter length and location.
- Once bacteria invade the urinary tract, they start affecting the rest of the urinary tract in a retrograde manner.
- Infection may spread from the urethra to the urinary bladder and then to the kidney through the ureters and renal pelvis.
- If the kidney starts getting infected, further loss of function occurs and if left untreated, it may result in serious kidney infections and damage.
- Infection of each organ in the urinary tract has its own name, for example, an infection of the urinary bladder is called cystitis, and inflammation of the kidney is called nephritis.
- Similarly, injury anywhere in the urinary tract also results in inflammation and manifests as urinary symptoms
- Renal stones, tumors, or any blockage of the urinary tract causes reflux inflammation and causes pain, and discomfort to the patients.
Common urinary symptoms
The urinary symptom is a general term used for the symptoms associated with the inflammation and infection of the urinary tract.
Some of the most common urinary symptoms with which patients present are;
Dysuria is the most common presentation in people with urinary tract pathology. By far, the most common cause of dysuria is the urinary tract infection. Renal stones may also locally irritate the region especially if the stones are present in the bladder or urethra.
This is also commonly associated with urinary tract infections. Urinary frequency is commonly seen in pregnancy due to pressure symptoms of the gravid uterus.
Abdominal pain local and generalized both are experienced by the patient but the physician has to be vigilant enough to differentiate and rule out other causes of the pain. Flank pains are usually presented by patients.
Blood in urination or hematuria is seen with renal stones causing local irritation and damage to the urinary tract. It can also occur in cases of tumors of the urinary tract.
Urinary symptoms tracker
Urinary symptoms tracker is used to assess the extent and frequency of the symptoms mentioned by the patient to rule out different causes of urinary symptoms. It has proved to be really helpful in this regard.