Skin is the largest organ of the body. Our integumentary system is richly supplied by the blood vessels and cells which take an active and very important role in the immunity. Skin is not just a visible organ with only cosmetic purposes to serve, it is actually an organ which breaths, functions and sometimes gets diseased.
How does skin respond in situation of foreign attack?
Some diseases of the skin are benign. We suffer from a number of acute skin conditions but recover from them mainly because of skin’s strong and natural defenses. Our skin shows reactions to various substances, foods, and environment proving it possesses the quality of fighting against unfavorable conditions. We see signs of inflammation on the skin sometimes due to underlying pathology. So, it also serves as the natural signaling device for some underlying problem and the patient itself identifies that something is wrong and now is the time to see the dermatologist.
Layers of skin
Skin or integumentary system of human beings is typically divided into two layers
- Basement membrane
The epidermis is the outer most layer of the skin which we mostly see from the naked eye. The epidermis is meant for the purpose of first line defense and preserving the water inside the body. It is further subdivided into five layers. Each layer consists of a different structure, cells, and functions to perform. Most of the epidermis is composed of keratinocytes with Merkel cells, melanocytes, and others.
The basement membrane is the separating layer between dermis and epidermis.
The dermis is the innermost layer of the skin mostly composed of connective tissue. It has more thickness than the epidermis and is provided with the material responsible for the cushioning against stress and trauma.
What is melanoma?
Melanoma is the cancer of melanocytes present in the epidermis of the skin. It is one of the most common cancers of the skin and is responsible for excessive deformity and morbidity. It mostly appears in the form of mole and needs close observation if moles are showing abnormal characteristics.
Common distinguishing and diagnosing clinical features of melanoma include;
- Itchy ulcerative mole
- The margins of the lesions are irregular, asymmetric and serrated.
- Its size is always increasing and is usually found on back, head, and neck.
- The lesion is always raised from the rest of the skin and has really firm consistency on touch.
Mole melanoma tracker
Malignant melanomas are serious and damaging cancers of the skin and easily grows to metastasize into the nearby bones. Timely diagnosis and treatment of this cancer are necessary to prevent the complications and disabling consequences later on. The first and foremost step in this regard is timely identifying if the mole is benign or some consideration is required.
Mole melanoma tracker is a very helpful guide to self-identify the lesion. This helps in the timely diagnosis and treatment of this cancer. Some distinguishing features of mole melanoma as described above are mentioned in the tracker which are easily understood and one can easily find out what is wrong with his mole.