Medical Sciences have advanced to a very hopeful level since the last century. People suffered from chronic medical illnesses throughout history and end-stage organ disease forced them to accept their fate and wait for their time to depart from the face of this earth.
Organ donation since its successful trials has given a ray of hope to hundreds and thousands of such patients. They can now begin to think and plan for a couple of more years to live healthy and happy.
History of organ donation
First-ever organ donation and transplant were done in 1954 by a man named, Ronal Lee Harrick. He donated his kidney to his twin brother. The first organ transplant went successful and the surgeon Joseph Murray was awarded Nobel Prize for his services. Since then, multiple organ donations are being performed and success stories of transplants roam around the globe.
Which organs are usually donated for transplant?
Multiple organs have been donated and transplanted in the last 70 years. Most common organ donations include;
- Bone and Bone marrow
- Middle ear
- Connective tissue
Some of them are vital organs and patients tend to improve in health after transplant.
Legislation and other issues associated with organ donation
Where organ donation has proved to be a revolutionary advancement in medical sciences, it has given origin to multiple religious, ethical, and superstitious issues around the globe as well. Some scholars are totally against organ donation and consider it a non-ethical act to donate organs that were to be returned to God at the time of death. While at the same time, some scholars are highly in favor of organ donation and consider it a moral responsibility of each individual to donate organs before death.
Legislation in organ donation is very important and it varies from country to country. Many countries allow organ donation but require proper consent and documentation before the actual procedure. Consent is given before the death of the donor, but presumed consent can also be produced after his death. It means it is presumed that the donor would have allowed the donation if he was alive.
What is an Organ donation form?
An organ donation form is basically the consent form filled by the donor himself. In the form, the donor has to agree that he is allowing the donation of a certain organ with all his will in case of death. In a situation where a part of the organ has to be donated, he can consent according to that situation. The donor’s basic information is added and then his blood group and Rh type are also mentioned.
It is because organ rejection is the main concern post-transplant. So, possible information is mentioned in donor form to ensure transplant in the best suitable patient.
This form is filled in the presence of two witnesses and the surgeon doctor who has to perform a transplant in the future. All of them sign the form making it a legal document.