An emergency is a sudden, unexpected, serious, and most often a dangerous situation that requires immediate action to avoid as much loss as one can. There are different kinds of emergencies that can impact a single person or a whole community. Here we will be considering an emergency in general and pre-preparation required on a general basis as well.
Types of emergencies
There is a huge number of emergencies but in this list, few will be quoted as an example which we can use to cover the major event warrants and are as follows:
- Chemical spills
- Electric shocks
- Lost child
- Elderly lost with Alzheimer’s.
- World war etc.
List is much longer than this and the hazards are specific to each kind.
It is the responsibility of the head to foresee any emergency that can be encountered and remain prepared for any emergency. Emergency preparedness on a general basis rather than a targeted one is a bit complicated task. Such preparations are made on a general basis and include a variety of tasks to get accomplished. These may include:
- Foreseeing the upcoming situation,
- Predicting time, required items, etc.
- Making of a checklist,
- The actual making of a toolkit,
- Reevaluation, etc.
It is a kind of “to-do list” made prior to doing any task to help reduce the risk of failure in order to compensate for the potential limits of human attention and memory bank. It helps us make sure to be competent and be complete while doing tasks. Here we will be discussing the checklist for the” Emergency toolkit”.
Checklist for Emergency tool kit
This checklist is explained entirely on a general basis because for specialized cases these checklists are way much modified accordingly. Basic components include:
- At very first it is given the title that this emergency plan is designed for either a workplace, hospital, related to any pandemic in community, home, etc.
- List the no of personnel or contacts to be approached in case of emergency. These can be designated officials who are responsible to provide help in need.
- Evacuation route plan. Make sure these are already provided in every crowded place in the form of maps marked for:
1-Emergency exits one or more,
2-Primary/secondary evacuation directions,
3-Location for fire extinguishers/fire alarms, etc.
- Phone no. e.g., security (if they’re available), police, ambulance, paramedics, etc.
- Also, your checklist must-have emergency contacts of utility-related services e.g., water, sanitary, electricity, etc.
- Emergency reporting and depopulation procedures, types of emergencies that can be reported by the site personnel include Fire, chemical spills, extreme weather, etc.
- Details of nearest medical help contacts i.e., ambulance, paramedic staff, hospital, etc.
- Trained personnel contacts to approach them in any kind of disaster.
Rest this list is manageable and modifiable according to the kind of emergency to be dealt with or the no of the population involved, the area, etc.
Other than the above-mentioned procedures this emergency plan checklist also has a list for toolkit required for any emergency varying according to the circumstances. General items may include a first aid kit, water and food storage, dry batteries with extra ones, local maps, masks, plastic bags, important documents, flashlights, bags, and blankets, etc.