What is an ambulance?
An ambulance is a vehicle which is specially designed and equipped according to medical needs in case of emergencies. We can say that an ambulance is a medically designed vehicle. The main purpose of an ambulance is to transport patients in critical condition to the appropriate medical facility where the patient is treated according to his ailment.
Where are ambulances used?
Ambulances are always used in emergency situations and are designed to take care of the patient in critical condition. It is equipped with the medical supplies used for first aid so that the patient stays alive or revives if he is battling with his life.
For example, on a road traffic accident, an ambulance is used to transport the wounded person from the road to the hospital emergency room. During this commute, the ambulance provides oxygen and other essentials of first aid so that the patient is able to breathe and sustain his injuries till he reaches the ER.
An ambulance is also equipped with a red light and loud siren so that everyone on that road recognizes and gives way to the ambulance even in traffic jams. Another important function of an ambulance is the transport of paramedical staff to the emergency areas, for example, earthquake, bomb blast, and other disasters.
History of ambulance
If we trace back the history of the ambulance, we will come to know that the first ambulance was used in the year 1487 by Spanish forces when they were fighting at the siege of Malaga by Catholic monarchs. Ambulance wagons were used to transport the wounded soldiers during the American civil war and now we can see a fully evolved form of ambulances every day on the roads.
Now that the medical field has got great advancements and improvements, the ambulances have also got a whole new shape. They are now very well equipped with the latest equipment and machinery. But, it is necessary that a checklist is used to see if the ambulance has all the necessary things to transport a terminally ill patient from one place to another.
- An ambulance checklist must include the ventilation and airway equipment which includes suction apparatus (both portable and installed suction), wide bore tubing, pharyngeal suction tip, and flexible suction tips.
- Portable oxygen equipment with a minimum of 300L capacity must be present and it must have a regular flow. Installed oxygen equipment for at least two patients must be present.
- Other than that, the oxygen administration equipment and resuscitation equipment must be present in the ambulance in functional condition.
- Equipment for vital monitoring and defibrillation in case CPR is needed must be present in the ambulance.
- Dressing, bandages, sterile dressings, adhesive tapes, and triangular bandages must be present.
- Ways of communication must be present in the ambulance in the form of cellular phones.
- Equipment for obstetric emergencies must also be present.
- The ambulance must be properly air-conditioned, and clean according to the medical needs.