Aphasia Wallet Cards

Aphasia is the disorder of the central nervous system in which one who is affected is unable to speak well as he is expected to. In aphasia, the language and speaking skills of a person are affected to a level that it becomes difficult for the listener at times to understand what the other person is saying.

Causes of aphasia

  1. There are many causes of aphasia. The most common cause is the injury to the speech area in the brain. Sometimes, people who are suffering from aphasia are also not able to write properly. This particularly happens if the motor area in the cerebrum is affected.
  2. Injury to the brain because of hemorrhage or ischemia resulting in stroke is the most common cause of aphasia.
  3. Sometimes, trauma to the central nervous system in road traffic accidents also results in aphasia at a very young age.
  4. Some infections are also known to cause the aphasia resulting from the infection of speech area in the brain as well.

Types of aphasia

There are many types of aphasia especially depending upon the underlying cause and the area damaged in the brain.

Let’s have a look at the most common types of aphasia

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  • Broca’s aphasia

Broca’s area is the speech area present on the left of the brain and is classified as Broadman’s area 44 and 45. It is responsible for speech production. Damage to Broca’s area because of any reason may result in aphasia. Broca’s aphasia is also called as non-fluent aphasia because the words uttered by the patient are totally random and not a single word can be comprehended. The patient is unable to complete the sentences.

  • Wernicke’s aphasia

Wernicke’s area is present in the temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex and makes Brodmann’s area number 22. It is basically fluent aphasia also termed as sensory aphasia. In Wernicke’s aphasia, the patient’s speech is not impaired but his ability to understand the speech of other people is impaired. As a result, he utters unclear and irrelevant words.

  • Primary Progressive Aphasia

It is abbreviated as PPA. In primary progressive aphasia, the patient is initially quite well and there are no signs and symptoms of impaired speech in the beginning. As time passes, the patient starts showing signs of aphasia and his speech begins to get blurred and difficult to understand. This type of aphasia is mainly to the neurodegenerative reasons in which the brain tissue is gradually affected resulting in impaired speech along with other signs and symptoms. A most important example of primary progressive aphasia is Alzheimer’s disease.

Aphasia wallet card

The aphasia wallet card is always put in a patient with aphasia to avoid any unwanted situation. This card makes sure that the person is given space to communicate when there is a difficulty. Especially if someone suspects them to be drunk or for any other crime, this card proves to be useful in clearing the misunderstanding. The card contains information that this card holder has aphasia, he is not drunk or on any drug and that he must be given time to make himself understand.

Aphasia wallet card template

Simi Karton

Dr. Simi Karton is a regular contributor to National Science Quarterly and an enthusiastic Lakers fan. She recently collaborated on a manuscript with friends and colleagues. Dr. Simi Karton, entitled Parkinsons and the Genetic Response to Eastern Medicine, in which she and Dr. Inshal presented research compiled during a summer spent in United States. She currently resides in Los Angeles with her husband. This website is a voluntary work of Dr. Karton to provide people with useful health related information stuff at an easy approach. The information has been collected from different sources at one place.

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