This is the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy. The fetus has started to grow in size. The placenta is now developing even better and bigger in size and the position of the placenta is now well determined. Amniotic fluid is also increasing to provide a better environment for the baby inside. Along with that, the body of the mother is now showing obvious signs and effects of pregnancy. This is the time when the woman may come with a
Antenatal Visit form (14-21 weeks)
Just like the other visit forms, it starts with the name of the doctor or midwife and the date of the examination being held. Other parameters like the weight of the mother, her blood pressure, the size of the uterus, and pelvic or perineal examination are done.
Signs and symptoms
Its time when it is important to pay heed to the complaints of the patient because she may reveal evident signs and symptoms of certain medical conditions in pregnancy like pregnancy-induced diabetes mellitus; Pregnancy induced hypertension which can both lead to fetal compromise.
Ask the patient if she is suffering from nausea. She must get relieved but only a certain percentage of females suffer from it throughout their pregnancy. Swelling of the face, feet, and ankle is also noticed. She may complain of increased body aches and urinary symptoms. She may complain of vaginal leaking which must be taken seriously.
Depending upon her symptoms, we do certain examinations. As mentioned above, the physical examination generally and abdominal examination is also carried out.
The size of the uterus is measured from abdominal examination and correlated with her gestational age according to her last menstrual period.
Baby movements must be felt by the mother by 18 to 22 weeks of pregnancy, but they may or may not be visible or palpable on examination. We can confirm the fetal heart sound on sonic aid or through an ultrasound.
If the patient has complained of vaginal bleeding, leaking, or discharge, we need to do her per speculum examination and take the sample to confirm it in the lab. We need it for the culture and sensitivity also. Amniotic fluid leaking can be confirmed by spot dipstick tests available in most well-equipped hospitals.
Abdominal ultrasound at this point is important because fetal anomalies are ruled out. The ideal gestation for an anomaly scan is 18 to 22 weeks. Down syndrome, cardiac abnormalities, renal pyelectasis, esophageal defects, skull and brain defects, and anencephaly are all diagnosed at this time and the mother should be counseled well in time.
A blood sugar test is done which is very important because normal pregnancy can bring about insulin intolerance from now onwards. If readings are high, we can go to further tests to confirm if she has developed Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
Complete a blood picture to check the status of hemoglobin.
A urinary routine examination is also done. Females are prone to urinary infections during pregnancy.
Follow up instructions
About food, supplements, level of activity, and next follow-up visit date is advised and written in the form.