Surgeries in children are quite common. Little angels who are supposed to laugh and enjoy their childhood every second, sometimes have to undergo major surgeries in their lives. There are a number of reasons when a small baby needs to get surgery to help him recover from his illness.
Some kids suffer from congenital diseases which make them lie on the operation table and fight for life. Sometimes children suffer severe injuries or road traffic accidents which make it necessary for the child to get surgery which ensures his mobility and normal life later on. There are cleft palates, cleft lips and congenital hernias that make surgery imminent for kids.
Most common surgical procedures in children
Some procedures in kids are quite common and are done in routine. Some procedures are major surgeries but are documented as the most common surgical procedures done on children. We will enlist some of these very common surgeries on kids.
- Congenital hernia
Congenital hernias are very common in children. Inguinal and femoral hernias also occur, inguinal being the more common type of hernia. Similarly, the congenital diaphragmatic hernia is also very common. Surgery for congenital inguinal hernia is one of the most common types.
Acute appendicitis is one of the most common indications of surgery in children of 10-15 years of age. Appendectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures around the world in almost all age groups.
- Biliary atresia
Biliary atresia is also a congenital disease in which the biliary tract is congenitally occluded in newborns. It is most commonly associated with gene deletion on chromosome 22. In biliary atresia, newborn presents with non-specific features and jaundice. Progressive cholestasis occurs leading to yellowing of skin, sclera, and itching on the body. Biliary atresia can be diagnostic intra-uterine and most commonly suspected in case of polyhydramnios in mothers. Management of atresia is possible through surgery.
- Hirschsprung’s disease
This is another congenital disorder of children in which a portion of the large intestine is improperly innervated. It presents as constipation, vomiting and sometimes diarrhea. Megacolon is one of the very common complications of the disease. Surgery of megacolon is possible in which the defected portion of the intestine is resected and fresh ends are joined and innervated.
- Anal atresia
Imperforate anus or anal atresia is found frequently in neonates. Due to in-utero developmental defects in the fetus, the anus of the fetus is unable to form. This result in either completely closed anal aperture or obliterated anus. Anal atresia or imperforate anus is treated by surgery in which colostomy has to be done prior to surgery to make a passage for neonatal fecal matter.
Child operations record
It is very good to keep a record of the children’s surgeries. It helps to assess the general condition of the child and we can use the information for future reference. Child surgery record is maintained in the hospital as well usually. Parents are also encouraged to keep a record using child operations record form at home.